AIF options for DSC modelling¶
The arterial input function (AIF) is a critical piece of information used in performing blood-borne tracer modelling, such as DCE-MRI. It describes the arterial supply of contrast agent to the tissue.
The AIF can be described as a series of values giving either the concentration or the DSC signal at the same time intervals used in the DSC acquisition. Note that applying an offset time to the AIF to account for injection and transit time is not required as the model can be given and/or infer a delay time to account for this. This type of AIF is usually measured for the particular subject by averaging the signal in voxels believed to be close to pure arterial voxels, i.e. in a major artery.
The DSC AIF can be supplied in two different ways, selected by the
AIF source option.
In each case the supplied AIF may either be a set of DSC signal values, or a
set of tracer concentration values. The
AIF type option selects between these
Global sequence of values¶
In this case each voxel has the same AIF which is supplied as a series of values giving either the concentration or the DSC signal at the same time intervals used in the DSC acquisition.
The series of values must be pasted into the
AIF entry widget. A text file
containing the values can be drag/dropped onto this entry as a convenient way
of entering the values.
In this case a 4D image must be supplied which, at each voxel, contains the AIF for that voxel. This allows for the possibility of the AIF varying at each voxel.